You need a category D driving licence to drive a bus or coach and a category DE driving licence to drive a vehicle combination.
The minimum age requirement for these licences is usually 24.
The minimum age requirement for driving vehicles in categories D1 and D1E (smaller buses and coaches) is 21.
Licences for the different D categories are primarily valid for five years.
All bus and coach drivers working in commercial transport must have professional competence.
You may obtain a Category D or DE driving licence
You can obtain a driving licence for a bus and coach by taking the following three steps:
You must have a valid driving licence permit to take a driving examination. You can apply for the permit at an office of Traficom's service provider Ajovarma. The driving licence permit is the prerequisite for taking a driving examination. You should apply for it in good time before booking a time for the theoretical test. You can also book a time for the examination at Ajovarma.
To participate in bus and coach driving instruction, you must have at least a category B driving licence.
You may only take driving instruction for vehicle combinations i.e. category D1E or DE vehicles, when you have been issued with a right to drive the towing vehicle.
You must take a driving examination after completing the driving instruction. You must have a valid driving licence permit to take a driving examination. You can book a time for the examination at Ajovarma.
The driving examination for category D1 and D vehicles consists of a theory test and a practical driving test on the road. The driving examination for category D1E and DE vehicles also contains an additional handling test, which must be completed before the driving test.
You may upgrade your valid driving licence using Traficom’s e-Service ‘Upgrade your driving licence’, provided that you meet certain requirements.
Use of the service requires that you already possess at least one driving licence category and are applying for an upgrade with a driving examination.
Read more about the requirements for using the Upgrade your driving licence service. If you are not able to use the service, you can upgrade your driving licence at Ajovarma.
When you pass your driving examination, you will be given a certificate entitling you to drive on mainland Finland for six months. This will serve as your driving licence when you present it with a photo ID. Keep the document with you until you receive your official driving licence.
The actual driving licence will be posted to your home address within a week of the examination.
All bus and coach drivers working in commercial transport must have the professional competence of a bus and coach driver.
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