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Driving instruction permit

Driving instruction permit

The driving instruction given in a driving school can be substituted with instruction given with a driving instruction permit. If this is the first driving licence for the candidate, he or she must pass the training for candidates for first driving licences (EAS) before starting the driving instruction. The candidate must carry the certificate of passing the training during driving.

In instruction provided under a driving instruction permit, the responsible driver of the passenger car, lorry or bus is always the holder of the driving instruction permit. In instruction for riding a moped or motorcycle or driving a light quadricycle, the holder of the driving instruction permit is the responsible driver when he or she is also riding or driving the training vehicle. In other cases, the learner is the responsible driver.

 

How to apply for a driving instruction permit

While Traficom grants driving instruction permits, the application is submitted to Traficom's service provider Ajovarma. You must visit an Ajovarma office to fill out the driving instruction permit application. You may book an appointment at Ajovarma for the processing of your driving instruction permit application. Take with you your photo ID and also your driving licence if the licence has been granted in some other EU or EEA country. The driving licence must be valid. A Finnish right to drive can be checked from the system.

No applicant may be granted more than three (3) instruction permits within a three-year period. However, the number of driving instruction permits is not limited if the instructor is the mother or father, grandmother or grandfather, guardian, child, grandchild or sibling of the learner. Family connections will be checked in the population information system.

Remember that the learner must apply for a driving licence permit before taking a driving examination. The permit must be valid when booking a time for the tests.

The number of instructors and learners

Two instructors and/or two learners may be registered for a driving instruction permit. This requires for the instructor(s) and learner(s) to be close relatives (parent, guardian, grandparent, child, grandchild or sibling). If an instruction permit is granted to two people, one of them must be designated as the instructor responsible for providing the certificate of instruction.

 

The criteria for issuing a driving instruction permit per driving licence category

B (passenger car)

A driving instruction permit may be issued when

  • The learner is 16 or over
  • The instructor is 25 or older.
  • The driving instructor has had a class B driving license issued in Finland or an another EU or EEA state for at least five years.
  • The instructor is not permanently or temporarily banned from driving.
  • The instructor's personal characteristics make him/her a suitable teacher. Traficom will evaluate the applicants' suitability on the basis of information held in official registers.
 

AM/120 (moped)

The driving instruction permit may be granted no earlier than six (6) months before the learner reaches the age of 15. However, the driving instruction and driving training in traffic may only be started once the learner has turned 15.

A driving instruction permit may be issued when

  • The instructor is 25 or older.
  • The instructor has held a category A or B driving licence for at least five years, or has a category AM/120 driving licence issued after 19 January 2013 or a category M licence issued between 1 June 2011 and 18 January 2013 for which the related driving examination has been taken with a moped.
  • Category M driving licences issued on or prior to 1 June 2011 do not permit giving driving instruction.
  • The instructor is not permanently or temporarily banned from driving.
  • The instructor's personal characteristics make him/her a suitable teacher. Traficom will evaluate the applicants' suitability on the basis of information held in official registers.
 

AM/121 (light quadricycle)

The driving instruction permit may be granted no earlier than six (6) months before the learner reaches the age of 15.

The driving instruction and driving training in traffic may only be started once the learner has turned 15.

A driving instruction permit may be issued when

  • The instructor is 25 or older.
  • The instructor has held a category AM/121 or category B driving licence for at least five years, or a category M licence issued between 1 June 2011 and 18 January 2013 for which the related driving examination has been taken with a light quadricycle.
  • The instructor is not permanently or temporarily banned from driving.
  • The instructor's personal characteristics make him/her a suitable teacher. Traficom will evaluate the applicants' suitability on the basis of information held in official registers.
 

A1, A2 and A (motorcycle)

The driving instruction permit may be granted no earlier than six (6) months before the learner reaches the minimum age required for the category in question (16 years for category A1; 18 years for category A2; 24 years for category A, or 20, if the person has a category A2 licence that he or she has held for at least two years).

A driving instruction permit may be issued when

  • The instructor is 25 or older.
  • The instructor has held a driving licence corresponding to the driving licence category for at least five years.
  • The instructor is not permanently or temporarily banned from driving.
  • The instructor's personal characteristics make him/her a suitable teacher. Traficom will evaluate the applicants' suitability on the basis of information held in official registers.
 

C and D (lorry and bus)

Instruction in categories C and D may only be given with a driving instruction permit in conjunction with apprenticeship training leading to a degree in the transport sector.

The criteria for issuing a driving instruction permit for the learner

  • The learner must hold a category B driving licence and a licence entitling the person to drive a towing vehicle if instruction is given for a driving licence of a vehicle combination.

The criteria for issuing a driving instruction permit for the teacher

  • The instructor is 25 or older.
  • The instructor has the right to drive a training vehicle.
  • The instructor is not permanently or temporarily banned from driving.
  • The instructor has a driving instructor's licence and is qualified to provide instruction in categories C and D.
  • The instructor must be a workplace instructor designated for the apprenticeship training, not a third party. The apprenticeship contract must be appended to the driving instruction permit application.
 

Personal characteristics

Every applicant's personal characteristics are checked when granting a driving instruction permit, and the obtained information may form a barrier against issuing the permit. Under the Act on Driving Licences, a driving licence permit applicant's personal characteristics are considered unsuitable for the instruction task if the person has:

  1. within five years prior to applying for permit, been found banned from driving as a result of driving while intoxicated, driving while seriously intoxicated, causing a serious traffic hazard or causing a traffic hazard that shows that the offender is apparently heedless of traffic safety
  2. within the previous year, been subject to a driving ban due to being found guilty of other traffic offences (such as recurrent traffic violations, driving without a licence)
  3. based on criminal records or information in a register held by the police, otherwise indicated with his or her actions that he or she is apparently unsuitable for the instruction task.

 

Driving instruction permit is sent to your home

Traficom makes the decision on the issue of a driving instruction permit. If the applicant meets the criteria for issuing the permit, the driving instruction permit will be sent to his or her home address within around four weeks from submitting the application. If the permit may not be granted, or additional information is required from the applicant, Traficom will contact the applicant.

You must carry your driving instruction permit when giving driving lessons. If the driving instruction permit has been granted to two teachers, both will receive their own permit. If your driving instruction permit goes missing, contact Ajovarma for a replacement. The replacement card is free of charge for the customer.

A driving instruction permit expires when the designated learner has passed the driving examination for the category in question.

 

Withdrawal of a driving instruction permit

A driving instruction permit may be withdrawn if the permit holder no longer fulfils the criteria for granting the permit or violates the provisions or terms of the driving instruction permit. The permit holder may also request for the withdrawal of the driving instruction permit. The permit may be temporarily withdrawn if the conditions for imposing a temporary driving ban are met. A driving instruction permit is always withdrawn by the police.

 

Learning material providers

 
 

 

Page updated 01/03/2019

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