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Towing a trailer

Towing a trailer

Driving with a category B driving licence:

  • A trailer with a maximum total mass of 750 kg can be attached to a B category vehicle. The total mass of the vehicle combination can be a maximum of 3 500 + 750= 4 250 kg.
  • A trailer with a total mass of over 750 kg can also be attached to a B category vehicle. In this case, the total mass of the vehicle combination can be a maximum of 3 500 kg.

With a B/96 combination driving licence a person is entitled to drive a vehicle combination with a Category B towing vehicle (with a maximum total mass of 3 500 kg) and a trailer whose total mass exceeds 750 kg and the total mass of the vehicle combination can exceed 3 500 kg but not 4 250 kg.

With a category BE driving licence a person can drive a vehicle combination with a category B towing vehicle (maximum total mass 3,500 kg) and a towed vehicle with a maximum total mass of 3,500 kg. The total mass of the vehicle combination can be a maximum of 3,500 + 3,500= 7,000 kg.

Read more the vehicles you are allowed to drive here.

Example

For vehicle A the maximum permissible mass of a trailer being towed is 1 500 kg (information is available from the registration certificate). According to the registration certificate, the total mass of trailer P is 1 800 kg. Towing trailer P with vehicle A is permitted if the actual mass when it is being towed is a maximum of 1 500 kg.

If trailer P is loaded to 1 500 kg when being towed, but its total mass according to the registration certificate is 1 800 kg, towing vehicle A can weigh a maximum of 1 700 kg so that the driver can drive the combination with a B license (total mass of the combination can be a maximum of 3 500 kg).

Thus if the towing vehicle A weighs more than 1 700 kg, a B96 or BE license is needed. In this case, with a B96 license the weight of towing vehicle A can be a maximum of 2 450 kg. However, someone driving on a BE license should note that towing vehicle A is a B category vehicle when the total mass of the trailer P is 1800 kg.

 

Permitted driving speed

When pulling a trailer, the maximum permitted driving speed is 80 km/hour, also when the trailer is empty.

Check list for pulling a trailer

  1. Check your right to drive and find out what type of a trailer you are entitled to pull.
  2. Check the type of trailers that you may pull with your car. This information can be found in the car’s registration certificate.
  3. Check the tyres and tyre pressures on the trailer.
  4. Connect the power cord and make sure that the trailer’s lights and indicators work.
  5. Lift up the trailer’s supporting wheel before you drive off and also attach the trailer’s safety chain if there is one.
  6. Check that the trailer is firmly locked up to the tow hitch.
  7. Adjust the car’s side mirrors so that you can see the trailer and the area around it.
  8. Secure the goods with straps even when using a covered trailer. If there is no cover, you should also use different types of netting and tarpaulins to protect the goods and prevent anything from falling or shaking onto the road.
  9. Load the goods evenly, ensuring that the load’s centre of gravity is as low as possible and in the middle of the trailer. Place the heaviest goods in the middle of the trailer.
  10. If the length of your load exceeds the trailer’s length by more than one metre, attach a visible flag or a piece of material at the end of the load. In the dark, the end of a long load must also have a light.
  11. Drive steadily and avoid sudden moves. Remember to keep an eye on the trailer’s movements.
  12. Remember the speed limit: the limit of 80 km/h also applies when you are pulling an empty trailer.

Read more about loading a trailer
Watch a video about loading a trailer (HS.fi and Trafi)
Read more about loading a trailer (in finnish, Finnish Road Safety Council)
Watch a video about loading a trailer (Kauppalehti and the Automobile and Touring Club of Finland)
Read more about loading a trailer (in finnish, Trafi)

Reversing a trailer
Watch a video about reversing a trailer (the Automobile and Touring Club of Finland)
Watch a video about reversing a trailer (Aamulehti)

 

 

Page updated 11/27/2018

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